Indians attach great importance to education. The competition is fierce and begins enroll children in the best school and continues as the boy goes to college and beyond. India still aims to reach 100% level of literacy. Only one state in the south of the country, Kerala has achieved that distinction thus far. Education in India is broadly divided into primary, upper primary, secondary and higher secondary. General education lasts 12 years, following the 10 + 2 model. However, different states organize the first 10 years of teaching is different and that even within schools, there are several educational standards that are followed.
The key standards for the schools are as follows:
State Government Boards where the key et exams according to the provincial government standardsThe CBSE or Central Board of Secondary Education, where the standard is set by central government to schools in several statesThe Council for Indian School Certification Exam or CISCE boardNational Open School andInternational schoolsLet’s look at the key stages of the Indian education system.
red; “> Pre-primary: Pre-primary education in India is not a fundamental right, with a very low percentage of children receiving preschool educational facilities. This has led to a rush in the private sector to fill that void. The private sector responsible for the relatively richer section of society has opened a number of kindergartens and schools. Provisions in these kindergartens are divided into two stages – lower kindergarten (LKG) and upper kindergarten (UKG). Typically, an LKG class would consist of children from 3 to 4 years old, and the UKG class would consist of 4 children under 5 years old.
Primary: This also applies to children aged 6 to 11 years studying in classes from first to fifth standard.
High School: This generally refers to children studying in classes between fifth and eighth standard.
Secondary: This is the students in their ninth and tenth grade.
Higher secondary: Sometimes known as Pre-University (PUC), this refers to students in the 11th and 12th standard. Here, students choose a particular stream they wish to pursue upon entering a bachelor.
Undergraduate: The next step in education, the students specialize in a particular stream. Depending on their choice of topics, undergraduate programs vary in duration from three to six years. For example, is a Bachelor Arts (BA) will have three years to complete, while a medical student can expect to attend classes 4.5 years and an internship of another year.
Postgraduate: After completion of a Bachelor program, students can choose to specialize in a postgraduate program of their choice further add to their qualifications.